Preface. Abbreviations. Introduction; C.J. Jepma. Opening Address by the Netherlands Minister of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment Hans Alders. Part I: The Scope for Joint Implementation. 1. Joint Implementation: A general overview; D. Pearce. 2. The Scope for Joint Implementation in 'Energy for Tomorrow's World'; M. Jefferson. 3. Carbon Dioxide Emissions: A cost-effective approach; C.J. Jepma, Che Wah Lee. 4. Joint Implementation: A cost--benefit analysis; P. Vellinga, R. Heintz. 5. Joint Implementation: A critical approach; W. Hare, A. Stevens. 6. Joint Implementation from a Southern Perspective; L. Yaker. Part II: Institutional Options and Application of Joint Implementation: Meeting supply and demand. 7. Joint Implementation: Application and criteria; J.R. Spradley Jr. 8. Joint Implementation Institutional options and implications; P. Wrexler, I. Mintzer, A. Miller, D. Eoff. 9. Joint Implementation from an International Law Perspective; N. Schrijver. 10. Strategies to Head for Joint Implementation: The phased approach vs. bilateral framework agreements between nations; P. Vellinga, R. Heintz, N. Helme, J.-A. Gille. Part III: Thoughts on Joint Implementation from the Policy Perspective. 11. Joint Implementation: What the parties to the Climate Convention should do about it; B. Metz. 12. Joint Implementation as a policy issue; H.L. Graham. 13. Energy policies in some developing countries and Joint Implementation in the FCCC; W. Wisaksono. 14. Joint Implementation: Cautions and option for the South; R.S. Maya. 15. Thoughts and questions on Joint Implementation from the perspective of a country in transition; T. Farago, C. Nemes. 16. Catalyzing a market for Joint Implementation projects; J. Leslie, S. Verdugo. Part IV: Greenhouse Gas Abatement and Carbon Offset Strategies: Cost studies and pilot projects. 17. Carbon offset strategies: A private sector perspective; M.C. Trexler. 18. The UNEP greenhouse gas abatement costing study: Implications for Joint Implementation; J. Swisher, A. Villavicencio. 19. Energy savings potentials, issues and constraints; M. Asaduzzaman. 20. Energy efficiencies of industrial processes and electricity production in European and non-European countries; K. Blok, D. Phylipsen, A. Faaij, E. Worrell. 21. Joint Implementation in the cement industry; J. Jansen, F. van der Vleuten. 22. The economics of managing carbon via forestry: An assessment of existing studies; R.A. Sedjo. 23. Forests absorbing carbon dioxide emission: One of the response strategies of the Dutch electricity generating companies towards global warming; H. Verweij. 24. Why Joint Implementation can boost demand side management in developing countries; W. Wilms. 25. A high efficiency lighting project: The Mexican ILUMEX project; L. Luzuriaga. 26. Joint Implementation: Difficult to implement? K. Roland, T. Haugland. 27. Opportunities for Joint Implementation projects outside of international agreements on greenhouse gas reduction; A.K. Sanghi, A.L. Joseph, K. Michael. Concluding address; G. Wolters. Index.