Explains why, in many parts of Europe, the end of the Great War brought not peace but continued conflict. Contributes to an understanding of the difficult transition from war to peace and shows how paramilitary violence helped legitimize both fascism and communism, and also many of the new nation-states that emerged from the Great War.
Robert Gerwarth was born in Berlin and educated at Oxford where he also held a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship. He has been Professor of Modern History at University College Dublin and Director of UCD's Centre for War Studies since 2009. He is the author of several monographs and edited books on modern European history, most recently of a biography on Reinhard Heydrich. John Horne was educated in Australia and Britain, and has taught modern European history for many years at Trinity College Dublin. He has published extensively on French history and on the comparative and transnational history of the Great War. He is a member of the board of the Centre for Research at the Historial de la Grande Guerre, Peronne, a founder member of EurohistXX, the research consortium in contemporary European history, and a member of the Royal Irish Academy.