Film cameras have been popular with consumers for decades, and remain so despite the fact that twenty-first century digital technology has offered a new way to take and store photographs. There is now a clear choice between film and digital cameras, with the former offering some advantages in terms of capturing images in a particularly stylised way. Moreover, some people simply like the process of loading, shooting, and developing film. There is undeniably still a large demand for film cameras, and as a result, there are many different makes and models available. However, some offer more functionality than others, so before making a purchase, it is advisable to be aware of the five characteristics to look for in a film camera.
Different Types of Film Camera
Anybody who is intending to buy a film camera should be aware of all of the options available to them. There are several different classifications of camera to choose from, and within those classifications there are many brands and models. Point-and-shoot cameras are extremely popular due to the fact that they are very easy to use. Most of their features are automated, meaning that beginners to photography, and even children, can take impressive photographs. There are also many different models of instant film camera, as made famous by Polaroid, which automatically develops a photograph immediately after it has been taken.
Single Lens Reflex Cameras
People who like to have a greater level of control when taking photographs might be better suited to a single lens reflex (SLR) film camera. These pieces of equipment are often favoured by professional photographers because they offer through-the-lens imaging to eliminate parallax errors. SLR cameras allow a great deal of customisation in terms of aperture settings and the use of different lenses, flashes, and filters.
Another type of film camera which has proven to be very popular for many years is a rangefinder. These cameras require a different method of focusing than that found in SLRs, as the viewfinder is positioned to the side of the lens. Many people like shooting with these cameras because they are small and quiet, and they are capable of producing high-quality images.
Film Formats Used in Film Cameras
The film used in cameras can vary according to size, type, and speed. As a result, it is essential when buying a film camera to know the film it is set up for, as this will affect its usability in the future. In terms of the size of film used, 35mm is the most common, and it is suited to the widest variety of camera models. It is very easy to load and use. An alternative is medium format film, which offers up to four times the resolution of 35mm film and can produce images comparable with those created by digital cameras. However, it is usually more expensive than 35mm film to buy and produce, and as a result it is generally only used by professional photographers and camera enthusiasts.
One of the best features of working with film is that camera owners can use different types of the same format of film, allowing completely different effects to be created. For example, black and white film can produce photographs that are full of character, and is, therefore, often used in portrait photography, while colour film can be a good way to capture special occasions, such as birthday parties.
The speed of the film to be used is another important consideration when buying a film camera. The film speed refers to how sensitive the film is to light, and consequently what kind of exposure settings will be required to produce high-quality images. In short, the way a photograph turns out will have just as much to do with the film being used as the capabilities of the camera, and therefore film compatibility is a crucial consideration for camera buyers.
The Body of a Film Camera
The modern trend in camera technology is for devices to be as compact as possible. While this is easily achievable with digital cameras, it is necessary for film cameras to be larger to accommodate the film loading bay. Moreover, film SLR cameras also have to be large enough to house the mirror prism set-up that makes the through-the-lens technology possible. It is important, therefore, when buying a film camera to be aware of its size and weight, as this will have an effect on how easy the camera is to carry and use.
Many vintage film cameras were constructed from metal, which made them heavy, but incredibly resilient. Modern models are almost all made from moulded plastic to make them lighter while ensuring that they feel solid. The build quality of a film camera is extremely important, and it must be able to withstand repeated use. It will ideally be weather-proof to allow it to be used outdoors in a variety of conditions. It should also be easy to operate, with an easily accessible film loading bay and good movement in the film spools. Finally, it should be ergonomic in terms of the positioning of buttons and how comfortable it is to hold.
Film Camera Features
Most people when buying a new film camera will want it to have features that enhance the usability of the device while simplifying the process of taking a photograph. In most cases, this means offering automatic features along with a certain degree of control. Most modern film cameras have autofocus, a dedicated light metering system with various aperture settings, and a range of flash options, including an automatic setting. Ideally, the flash will be synchronised with the shutter to ensure that photographs are always adequately lit. The shutter speed of a film camera is an important consideration, as it, along with the aperture and the film speed, defines the quality of the exposure.
A film camera that is able to produce a good shutter speed is essential to avoid blurring in photographs. Errors such as this in photograph taking can be eliminated to a large extent when the majority of a camera's operations are automated. Despite this, it is also important to have variable settings and controls to allow more experienced photographers to experiment with their methods. For example, many modern film cameras have configuration options in relation to different shooting modes and film advance modes, which, once set, make it very easy to quickly create photographs of a high standard.
Film Camera Accessories
A newly purchased film camera will ideally offer many different options when it comes to accessories. Additional items can range from those that are designed to make photography easier, such as tripods and carry bags, to essential tools such as lenses, filters, and flashes. When a film camera has many different accessories that are suited to it, its functionality is increased dramatically. Owners will get much more use out of a camera in this way, and they will be far more likely to take the time to learn about all of the facets of their technology. This could be cost-effective in the long term, as it will reduce the need to upgrade or replace equipment prematurely.
Lenses are undoubtedly the most important accessory for the majority of photographers. The lens mount on a camera will determine the types of lenses that can be attached to it, and the ranges that are available. Many film camera manufacturers also make lenses for their models, and often lenses are interchangeable between different brands of camera. Anybody who wants to take a variety of photograph types, for example macro photography or landscape photography, will need a selection of lenses. Standard, macro, fisheye, wide-angle, and telephoto are all common lens types. The way in which different lenses can enhance the performance of a film camera means that the compatibility of a camera with lenses should be an extremely important consideration for any potential camera buyer.
With the volume and range of film cameras available on eBay, it is easy to find a good-quality device at a reasonable price. However, in order to ensure that a film camera represents good value for money it must display certain characteristics. Good build quality and an ergonomic design, a large range of accessories, and a mix of controllable settings and automated features are all indicators that a film camera is worth buying.