Difference between floodlight and spotlight

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The average home owner may not be able to tell the difference between a floodlight and a spotlight. Below are some differences between a spotlight and a floodlight.
  • An LED spotlight focuses light in a beam of less than 45 degrees.
  • An LED floodlight diffuses light in a beam over a wide area of up to about 120 degrees.
  • Most of the light in a spotlight is focused onto a relatively small area generating a bright spot. Spotlights also have the ability to accommodate a variety of bulbs and beam sizes. However, they have a narrower beam as compared to floodlights.
  • Floodlights are suitable for use on large properties in focal point as well as aesthetic lighting plans. However, they are commonly employed in security lighting. Spotlights are commonly used for lighting decoration due to concentration of light on the directed surface.
  • Floodlights brightness brings the contrast between the illuminated area and outlying darkness so well making them perfect for outdoor lighting. Spotlights on the other hand can best supplement security lighting schemes. However, spotlights cannot substitute floodlights where security lights call for the range and scope of a floodlight.

Aesthetic lighting differences between Spotlights and floodlights
  • Spotlights can best be used for lighting decorations as they can achieve varying lighting effects e.g. gradual changing, colour flashing, alternating gradient etc.
  • To add drama and draw attention to prominent structures such as fountains, trees and statues, place a spotlight at the base of the specific structure.
  • Spotlights can also be used to beautifully silhouette dense and solid structures. For lighter structures spotlights can be used to cast interesting shadows on nearby surfaces when shadowed.
  • An LED floodlight’s bright nature is best suited for wall-washing. Placing a flood-light fixture a few feet from the wall at a side-ways angle, it creates an even wash of illumination across the base of the surface.
  • To create a moonlight effect using floodlights, you can place a powerful floodlight inside a tree and angle it downwards.  The results are creation of breathtaking shadow patterns on the ground, as light filters through the foliage of the tree.  
  • LED Floodlights can be used in different colours to light long distance scenes.
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