Dwarf Ornament Shrimps- basics for beginners

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Neocardina Caridina species are small  from 2 to 4 cm. In some variations in the shape differences are significant , suggesting that these variants hybrids developed based on different species.
They come from Africa and the tropical and subtropical parts of Asia . Some can be found on the islands of the Pacific .
We should take care that the conditions in our aquariums allow our little friends on the proper development and well-being .
The water in the aquarium must be well oxygenated (we suggest to use oxydators) , the best solution is directed onto the surface of the water outlet of the filter.
It is important to have a sponge filter as the smallest pores, because the young shrimp are very small and can be caught by the filter. Filters with standard sponges are far too thick . Another ( good especially with external filters ) solution is to stretch stockings sponge . Stable and often interchangeable with the water in the aquarium is a guarantee of a nice coloring. Water should be rather soft, although harder (up to 10 GH) are tolerated. Slightly acidic pH is best . Shrimps of this type are sensitive to heat, the temperature should not exceed 25 degrees Celsius ever and keep on level 22-23 deg C. The water should contain as little as possible of nitrogen and phosphorus.
Chemicals should be used very carefully . When we do not know the chemical composition of the preparation it is best to use no . Known sensitivity to all compounds metals ( especially copper ) dissolved in water. There are opinions that the treatments use sodium thiosulfate based on are also harmful. At any shrimp preparations should not use water clarifiers .
Usually shrimp genus Caridina not afraid to open space in the aquarium , but after moulting are much more delicate and at this time (1-3 days ) need a quiet hiding places. This could be a gap under the roots , cracks in the stones , etc. Caridina and Neocaridina feel best in a flock of at least 20-30 pieces. In a very small aquariums (less than 20 liters ), you can keep them less. Tanks should be decorated with roots, leaves of beech and oak , peat fiber . Be careful when buying lignite , because they may contain inclusions of pyrites and other undesirable (and even dangerous ) for shrimp. It is small-leaved plants such as moss  , algae such as Cladophora , which will be meticulously cleaned . These shrimps like sandy substrate or special gravel  and it is the most beautifully presented . They are not afraid of a strong light , but also feel good in a dimly lit aquarium. In some species there may be attempts to escape from the aquarium , so it is better to tank cover .
Caridina and Neocaridina are not dangerous for roommates aquarium , do not attack fish or snails. Rather it requires proper selection of sub-tenants . Predatory species of shrimp and larger fish are not suitable for co-culture with them. So if you want to keep in an aquarium shrimp this kind of need to provide them with companionship rather peaceful fish
The natural food of these shrimp are primarily algae and rotting leaves of plants containing tannins (oak, beech , alder ) . Lignite and cellulose contained in the roots used in the aquarium seem to be essential parts of the diet. The aquarium will be happy to accept flake foods enriched in carotenoids and spirulina . Do not intentionally feed meat food .
Most of the shrimp genus Caridina is a higher form of reproduction and is not too complicated to Confidentiality young in the aquarium. For copulation occurs quite rarely and to be seen , you have to spend them some attention.
Past experience shows that the reproduction of most species does not run all the time. Usually completed in several hatches , and then follows the state as if the " worn- '. This is a typical example Caridina sp " Crystal Red" ). Most of the species comes from a rather colder mountain streams . In them there are seasonal changes in climate , with warmer summer months , and this rhythm runs waking up the breeding period . Stimulating factor is a raised temperature after prolonged cooling (Andreas Karge aquaristic Aktuall 2004) , the change of water parameters , increased rainfall and greater availability of food. Where such stimuli do not work, probably shrimp is already exploited. Sometimes a change of parameters ( larger amount of fresh water with the simultaneous addition of micronutrients and vitamins , raising the temperature ) will " wake up " shrimp and ready to breed again . Aquariums usually come with a heater with thermoregulation and you can adjust the water temperature, but the most common problem is not raising and lowering the temperature for a long time to 17-19 degrees C. Therefore, to preserve the continuity of the reproduction at constant parameters of water , hold the shrimp in groups at least 20 - 30pcs .
Puppies eat the same thing every adult , preferably provide an abundance of algae in the aquarium , possibly you can fatten them wysokogatunkowymi artificial foods with spirulin . Most of the fish will treat young shrimp as an appetizer , which is why most abundant " harvest shrimp " get in the reservoir species . Shrimp Caridina genus are not cannibals and eat their young .
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