Fly Fishing Flies - The basics

Views 103 Likes Comments Comment
Like if this guide is helpful

There are hundreds of different artificial Trout Fly patterns available to Fly Fisherman today. Trout Flies usually fall into two overall categories; flies to deceive the Trout into believing it is real food, which imitate the natural foods available to the fish such as Nymphs & flies to provoke the Trout's predatory streak, which tend to be bright in colour and are not intended to look natural but lure and aggravate the Trout into taking the fly.

These categories can be further split and include Wet Flies, Dry Flies, Nymphs & Lures.

Wet Flies are presented to the Trout under the surface of the water. These can be intricately dressed patterns such as the Teal Blue & Silver and the Mallard & Claret. Other wet patterns are simple and sparsely tied and include spider patterns such as the Snipe & Purple.

Dry Flies are presented to the fish on or in the water's surface. The fly's buoyancy is usually achieved by winding the rigid fibers from a cock hackle around the fly to form a collar hackle, usually towards the head to distribute the weight of the fly on the water's surface. Alternatively, the fly can be constructed using Deer or Elk Hair, the fibers of which are hollow, again enabling the fly to float. In either case, Floatant can be applied to the hackle or hair to assist in it's buoyancy. The most popular being Gehrke's Gink.

Nymphs are often imitations of the natural larval stages of immature aquatic insects, such as the Caddis Fly, Damsel Fly and of course the Fly Fisherman's favourite, the Mayfly. Natural coloured fly tying materials are often used to create nymphs in order to help fool the fish into believing the fly is natural food. The stage beyond the nymph is the emerger; an emerger pattern is tied to represent one of the insects most vulnerable stages of life. As these insects hatch and therefore emerge or suspend from the water, they hang in the water's surface, shedding it's 'Shuck' or skin whilst drying it's wings before taking flight. Emerger or Suspender patterns therefore can be classed as Dry Flies as they sit within the waters surface.

Lures are the extreme opposite of the natural, imitative patterns. A wide range of colours and materials are used in the dressing of these Flies, the purpose is to trigger the Trout's aggression to induce 'a take'. However Lures can also be imitative in their own right, where food groups such as Fish Fry, Tadpoles and Leeches are concerned.

Buying Flies: It's all very well spending your hard earned cash on the best rod and the best reel & line money can buy but when it comes to flies it's all to tempting to buy the cheapest available. This is the business end of your tackle, this is the one thing that will seperate  success from failier. It's important to buy flies that are tied using the correct materials tied in to the correct proportions and tied well. You really will get what you pay for when buying flies, cheap flies are cheap as they are poorly tied using cheap materials and hooks. Dressings will come away from the hook, hooks may snap just as you strike into that double figure Trout you always dreamed of. We've spent years selecting suppliers of quality flies at realistic prices so we can offer you the best of both worlds, quality at a good price. Take a look at our ebay catalogue of  Trout flies and find out for yourself why Troutcatchers have earned an outstanding reputation world wide for service and quality.

Have something to share, create your own guide... Write a guide
Explore more guides