How are garments made and priced?

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 So how are your everyday high street clothing made and priced?
Most high street brands design a few styles but the majority of these styles are brought from companies we call manufacturers. They supply the design, the fabric and the factories.
These manufacturers will source the fabric, make the sketches and samples and sell to these brands. Once brought by these brands, by law these styles become the brands designs.
The brands supply the manufacturers with a pattern called a block, this will be graded and made to specification of the measurements required for that brand.
It is the manufacturers responsibility to place the work in a factory. Of course these factories have to be audited by the brand first. I will go into details about ethical trading of factories in my next blog.
When brands buy these designs, the work out the price of the garment from the following, which are typical components of a garment. Fabric, Trims, Making.
An example: Not to complicate things, lets say all these orders are FOB.
Fabric cost £2 per meter.
Yield per garment 1.5M so fabric costs £2x1.5 = £3.00
Trims (this includes all labels, zips lining etc.) £1.00
Making from factory (this will differ from factories and more importantly different countries) £4.00
Manufacturers costs and profit £1.80
Total costs: £9.80
There will be the brands costs, on a FOB basese means they will have to provide their own transport, pay duty, customs etc. they also have their own costs such as admin, sales, shops etc.
Their retail price probably for this item be £60
The first process now will be to order the fabric. Fabric can take up to 60 days to 3 weeks, it depends if fabric is already available to dye.
The manufacturer will have few fit meetings with the brand to make sure they are happy with the over fit of the garment.
At which point, trims can be ordered as lengths of zips etc. are all approved.
Once all fabric and trims are in the factory, they can proceed with making a pre-production sample. This is to make sure the fabric reacts as it should, if not, there will be amendments to the pattern.
The factory will cut, make and finish these garment ready to be shipped. This is pretty much how garments are made. 
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