How to Affix a TV Mount to a Wall

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How to Affix a TV Mount to a Wall

The task of using a TV mount to attach a television to a wall should not be undertaken lightly, as a poor installation can easily cause serious injury. If the installer is in any doubt during the installation, they should seek professional advice. However, for anyone with the relevant tools and skills, safely wall-mounting a television set should be a fairly quick and easy job.

Identifying the Best TV Mount Location

Before attempting the installation, it is worth considering which type of TV mount and mounting position will work best.

Types of TV Mount

The two basic types of TV mount are articulated and fixed. An articulated TV mount will allow a degree of movement in the direction the television faces; a fixed mount will offer no such adjustment. Where the television may be watched from several different locations, an articulated mount may be the better choice. A fixed mount, however, will usually offer the neatest installation. Most modern television sets have a mounting facility known as VESA. Before purchasing a mount, it is important to check that the VESA pattern of the mount and that of the television match. This can be done by cross-referencing the spec sheet of the mount and the manual of the television.

Wall Location

The television set needs to be at an appropriate height when viewed from the most comfortable seating in the room. Test the intended location by placing the television on an appropriate piece of furniture or by taping a piece of card to the wall. When testing the location for a TV mount, make sure that the screen position is not subjected to direct sunlight at any point during the course of the day. It is also important to note the possible safety implications for all the positions that the TV mount will allow. For example, make sure that the normal operation of doors and windows do not present a potential hazard. The most important consideration when positioning a TV mount is that the location is safe. Proper consideration should be given to the television set in relation to any heat sources, such as radiators and fireplaces. Thought should also be given to the normal daily activities of the room's occupants, to ensure the new location of the television will not impinge on these.


One of the main problems of a wall mounted television is dealing with the wiring. There are several different approaches to solving this problem.

The Professional Solution

An electrician will be able to relocate the necessary wiring within the decoration of the wall. For an internal stud wall, the damage can be quite minimal and relatively easy and inexpensive to fix. However, exterior and load bearing walls will require the removal of more significant amounts of material, which will likely require the attention of a plasterer to put right. Concealing cables within the fabric of the building should never be attempted by anyone who is not qualified to do.

Plastic Conduit

A less aesthetically pleasing, but far cheaper and easier, solution is to conceal the cabling in plastic conduit strips. The conduit used must be suitable for the intended application.

Smart Televisions

Some modern televisions contain built-in DVD players and Wi-Fi connectivity that significantly reduce the amount of wiring they require.

Installation of the Wall TV Mount

Check beforehand that all the tools and fixings required to complete the installation are present and that the TV mount instructions have been read.

Tools Required

The basic tools required to complete the job is as follows:

Stud and Wiring Detector

Identifies the location of studs and wiring in the wall through the surface decoration.

Power Drill

Will require a hammer facility when fitting the TV mount to a solid wall.

Drill Bits

It is essential to have the correct sizes of drill bit as specified in the instructions for the TV mount. The drill bits must also be of the correct type. Use masonry bits for block walls and wood bits for partition walls.


Make sure the only the right size and specification of fixings are used. Seek the advice of the hardware supplier, to ensure that the fixings are compatible with the TV mount and are correctly rated for the load they will carry.

Spirit Level

Ensures a level TV mount installation.


Useful for tapping fixings into the wall.

Flat and Crosshead Screwdrivers

For removing blanking plates and attaching fixings. Some fixings may require the correct sized socket or spanner.

Pencil and Marking Tape

Useful for marking mounting points, prior to drilling.

Dust Sheet and Blanket

For the protection of the television and floor coverings.

Performing the Installation

Before beginning the installation, it is a good idea to lay a dust sheet on the floor at the foot of the wall and to have a folded blanket on a table ready for the television to rest on. Most TV mounts come in two pieces. One half attaches to the back of the television and the other half is affixed to the wall. The two are then joined to complete the installation.

Attaching the TV Mount to the Television

Lay the television face down on the blanket and remove the desk stand. Be careful not to apply pressure to the television during the following steps. Place the removed desk stand and fixings somewhere safe for future use. Expose the television mounting points by carefully removing any blanking caps with a screwdriver. These should also be retained for future use. Where necessary, separate the two halves of the TV mount. Align the television portion of the TV mount with the mounting holes on the rear of the set. Firmly screw the mount to the television using a screwdriver. Do not over tighten. Do not use a power tool.

Marking Out the Wall

The TV mount must be screwed directly to a stud in a partition wall. Plasterboard fixings must not be used. For partition walls, use a stud detector to locate the position of two studs within the wall. Mark these with a pencil or masking tape. Offer the TV mount up to the wall while holding the spirit level across the top. Mark through the mount with a pencil, ensuring the mount is perfectly level and that all the holes line up with each other. Prior to drilling, all types of wall should be checked using the wiring function of the stud detector Drill holes at the points marked, to the depth of each fixing. Where required, lightly tap each fixing into each hole. Offer the mount up to the wall and use the fixings to lightly attach it. Firmly tighten each fixing while simultaneously checking the mount stays level.

Mounting the Television to the TV Mount

It is usually easier to attach all the cables to the television set before attempting to mount it to the wall. Remember to leave the set unplugged until the end of the installation. At least one assistant will be required to help with lifting and holding the television set. Offer up the two halves of the TV mount to each other and secure using the method described in the manufacturer's instructions. Check that the TV mount is safely supporting the television before allowing it to take its full weight. Check that there is no evidence of any movement at any of the fixing points. Make a final check that the television set is level.


Fixing a television set to a wall is a quick and simple job for an experienced fitter. Anyone who is unsure of their competence for completing the task should seek the advice of a professional installer. Before starting the work, ensure that all the correct tools and fixings are to hand. It is essential to use fixings which are rated to the required load and that match the construction of the wall. Provided this is the case, and all the holes drilled are level and of the correct dimensions, the remainder of the task is simply a case of fastening the various components together.

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