The term fishing tackle covers a wide range of equipment including the items that fit into a tackle box, such as lures, hooks, sinkers, floats, and lines, and also bigger equipment such as rods, spears, and nets. Choosing the right fishing tackle will greatly depend on the type of fishing that the fisherman is interested in and the fishing location.
Choosing the Right Fishing Rods
For a person who is just starting out, the rods and reels are probably the most important pieces of equipment to consider. The deciding factors for rods include the taper, action, and power. The taper refers to the thickness of the material around the shaft, while action refers to how much the rod bends at the tip when the angler adds weight to it. The power of the rod refers to the amount of weight it can hold and this is considered with the pound test for the fishing line used with it. The length of the rod also plays a part, as an angler could choose a longer rod to cast out further into the water, or a shorter one that does not bend as much and can hold a heavier fish.
Choosing the Right Reels
It is often best for beginners to buy rods and reels together to ensure compatibility. However, smaller fishing reels accompany rods used for lake and river fishing while fishermen reserve bigger reels with changeable gears for ocean fishing. The type of fish plays a part too, where baitcast and spincast reels are better for catfish and bass, as opposed to fly-fishing reels.
Choosing the Right Fishing Bait
Once the rod and reel are taken care of, the bait and the hook comes next. The choices include artificial lures, natural bait, and cut bait, which are basically cut-up pieces of fish. Choosing the right bait may depend on the fish, their natural food source, and the water. Natural bait, including worms, shrimp, and insects is still considered the best choice for fishing because fish tend to recognise them quicker. However, manufacturers build lures to move and look like natural bait so the fish will gravitate towards them as well. Cut bait works well for fish that are attracted to the scent of other fish. Sea trout, catfish, and carp often fall in this category.
Choosing the Right Hook
The hook size, strength, and shape are important, but for freshwater anglers in the UK, a number 1 hook is probably the biggest hook they will ever need. However, anglers may consider bigger hooks for sea fishing. In essence, simply select a hook size based on the likely size of the catch in the area.