How to Lay Turf - a Step by Step Guide to Creating a Perfect Lawn

Views 1 Like Comments Comment
Like if this guide is helpful

A step by step guide to preparing, laying and maintaining a new lawn.

Determining the required quantity

Measure the length and width of the area to be turfed, multiply one by the other to give you the amount of rolls required. Measuring in metres is easiest as each standard roll of Rolawn Medallion turf covers 1m². Then add 5% for shaping etc.

Getting Started

Ensuring you have high quality topsoil is essential as it will provide early establishment and development of turf. The soil should be turned over, and free from surface stone, other debris and perennial weeds. Digging over or rotovating the existing soil is important to break up any compaction, ideally to a minimum depth of 150mm (6").

Topsoil you can trust

Rolawn Turf & Lawn Seeding Topsoil is a free flowing friable topsoil, hence is easy to spread, even when moist. It is blended with Rolawn GroRight® Lawn Establishment Fertiliser to help ensure a lawn gets off to the best possible start.

Rolawn Turf & Lawn Seeding Topsoil provides the ideal base on which to lay turf. Alternatively Rolawn Soil Improver can be used to enhance existing soil.

Lawn Establishment Fertiliser

After digging, walk to and fro using small steps over the whole area to firm down the loose soil. If not using Rolawn Turf & Lawn Seeding Topsoil as a base, apply Rolawn GroRight Lawn Establishment Fertiliser to the soil to give your Medallion® turf the best possible start by incorporating it into the top 25mm (1") of soil. Rake to a fine tilth to create a consistent level surface to ensure contact between turf and soil. Two days before your Medallion® turf arrives, ensure soil is moist to a depth of 75mm (3").

You are now ready to lay your turf.

Laying Rolawn Medallion® turf

Only a few tools are actually needed to lay your Medallion® turf; a wheelbarrow, a rake and a spade, some scaffolding planks plus a means of thoroughly watering the turf. Start by carrying the turf to the furthest point, then you will be carrying the turf rolls the shortest distance towards the end of the job.

Turf must be rolled out within 24 hours in the Autumn/Winter and immediately in Spring/Summer.

Start laying turves preferably along a straight edge, butting closely end to end. On subsequent rows stagger the joints in brickwork fashion.

To ensure the prepared soil remains level work from planks placed on your newly laid turf. Lightly press down the turves to ensure firm contact between the soil and the underside of each turf. The head of a rake held vertically and pressed against the turf is ideal. Never use a roller on freshly laid turf.

In hot weather try to start watering areas laid first prior to completing the whole area, to prevent it from drying out.

Always push the turf into joints. Never stretch the turves by pulling them. Any remaining cracks can be filled with a light soil (Rolawn's Turfing & Lawn Seeding Topsoil is ideal) and pressed down.

Seeding with Rolawn Medallion® Lawn Seed

If you prefer to seed your lawn, use Rolawn Medallion® Premium Lawn Seed. It is the same mix used to produce Rolawn's renowned Medallion® turf, a blend of the very best cultivars. The optimum time for seeding is spring and autumn, depending on the weather conditions and temperature.

For new lawns prepare your soil the same as for laying turf. Apply seed evenly over the area at a rate of approximately 35g/m2. It is preferable to apply the seed in a number of passes to ensure an even spread.

Lightly rake the seed into the top 12-25mm (½ - 1 inch) of soil, firm down and water well. Keep slightly moist until grass plants have established.

Please note when seeding a new lawn, weeds need to be controlled and removed.

Immediately after laying

Water

Watering your new Medallion® turf is the single most important step you need to take to establish a beautiful and healthy lawn.

Start watering on the day turf is laid. On hot days, you may need to commence watering large lawns prior to laying all the turf.
 
Ensure that the new lawn is never short of water. Lift corners of the turf to confirm water has percolated through to the underlying soil.
 
Water repeatedly until the turf is well established.
 
If rainfall is experienced you still need to check that the lawn is receiving sufficient water.
 
It is best to water turf in the early morning or during the evening so that less water is lost to evaporation.
 
Once established, occasional watering during dry periods should be adequate.

Soon after laying

Mow

Be prepared to mow your new Medallion® lawn within as little as 3 days, provided this can be done without disturbing the turf. If turf is dislodged, replace it and allow the turf more time to establish before recommencing mowing.

Don't delay. Most people allow turf to get too long. Mowing encourages establishment. Although this should be the only traffic in the first few weeks.
 
Never remove more than one third of the grass blade length.
 
For the first few cuts remove just the top quarter of the grass blade. Over the next few cuts gradually lower the mowing height down to 25mm (1").
 
Alternate the direction in which you mow your lawn.
 
Clippings do not have to be collected if they are minimal, provided sunlight is reaching the blades of grass. Clippings in small amounts return nutrients to the soil encouraging a healthy lawn.

Careful maintenance is the key to a beautiful lawn


The appearance of your Medallion® lawn will be effected by the environment it is living in and the treatment it is receiving. A healthy lawn requires a balance of air, food, water and light. An appropriate maintenance programme helps to keep these elements in balance.

Mowing

Your Medallion® turf is used to a cut height of 25mm (1"). You should aim for the same without ever removing more than one third of the grass blade length at any one time. Adjust how often you mow your lawn dependent on how quickly the grass grows. In the peak growing seasons frequent mowing can dramatically enhance your lawns appearance.

If your lawn becomes too long you must gradually bring it back down to the correct height. Mowing a lawn from 75mm (3") down to 25mm (1") in one cut will result in a weak, sparse, pale lawn.

Whatever type of mower you have it must be well maintained, with blades sharpened at least once a year.

Feeding

It is vital that you feed your Medallion® lawn at least every spring and autumn to ensure the soil contains the appropriate level of nutrients.

Over seeding

Overseeding an established lawn is an essential part of annual lawn maintenance. It improves the lawn's colour, helps fill in damaged or worn areas and will reduce possible weed and moss invasion.

Rolawn Medallion Premium Lawn Seed is the same mix used to grow Rolawn Medallion turf. It is ideal for the majority of lawns, containing both fine and medium bladed grasses, giving a thicker denser lawn.

Topdressing

Topdressing your lawn is vital to retain a level surface, improve drainage and control the build up of thatch. It will enhance a lawn's appearance by stimulating new grass growth and increasing tolerance to wear and tear. Apply anytime, when the grass is actively growing.

Other maintenance procedures

Other aftercare procedures such as scarifying, aerating and controlling pests and diseases should be undertaken to maintain the quality of the lawn as required.

 

 

Have something to share, create your own guide... Write a guide
Explore more guides