Machine embroidery stabiliser - types available and use

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Types of Stabiliser

THERMOGAZE Heat-Away Gauze

THERMOGAZE™ Heat-Away™, is a heat-sensitive viscose gauze stabilizer that can be used to make free-standing embroidery lace. After the embroidery is complete it completely disintegrates with a household iron. The result is beautiful lace without any leftover residue. Heat Away™ is similar to Solvy®, but it is used with fabrics such as corduroy or velvet that cannot get wet.
Embroidery digitizing must be adjusted slightly when using Heat-Away™. The stitch count must be a slightly higher than for other applications. This adjustment ensures the stitches are anchored to hold the embroidery after the base material is removed. 

How to remove  Heat-Away:

After embroidery, Heat-Away can be removed after exposure to a temperature of 120°C to 180°C (248°F to 356°F).
With normal humidity and 180°C (356°F), the contact time is approx. 15 seconds. (will turn light brown)
In higher humidity increase contact time.
Do not use steam.
Brush or rub off remnants

Tear Away Backing

Tear-away is the backing of choice for most embroiderers. Designs can usually be finished more quickly, safely, and cheaply with a tear-away backing than with a cut-away material. Most tear-away backings range in weight from light to heavy. To perform well as a backing, a tear-away should be stable and able to withstand repeated perforations. The backing should tear easily and cleanly in either direction. Sadly some embroiderers are still using backings that tear only in one direction. These products have to be tugged which leave long strings of fiber. Pulling a tough tear-away too hard or too quickly on a delicate long stitch design can needlessly cause distortions.
No matter the type of tear-away, you should tear the backing as close to the stitches as possible to reduce any chance of distortion. Using two light layers of tear-away pulled off one at a time is a technique that can avoid a distortion problem.

Cutaway Embroidery Backing

Cut-away backings are needed to provide a stable base for delicate and stretchy fabrics both during and after the stitching process. Some fabrics are so stretchy they can force themselves down the throat plate. A cut-away backing not only helps maintain the crispness of a design's detail, it also helps retain the design's shape after repeated washings. A quality embroiderer should insist that cut-aways are both washable and dry cleanable.
Most cut-aways range in weight from light to heavy. Cut-away backings, in general, tend to be more resistant to needling perforations than tear-aways. In choosing a cut-away consider ease of cutting, wash stability, hoop stability, and perforation resistance. Cut-aways tend to have more bulk than tear-aways. The softer backings tend to have more hoop stretch and will not allow as crisp a design as stiff ones.

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