Below are some tips on how to pack goods for courier and or parcel delivery services
They are guidelines and apply to most, but not all courier services.
Its always best to check directly with the courier company of your choice.
The tips below will help you to minimise losses or damage.
This does not mean they will prevent damage, but they will go a long to helping avoid tears at a later date
Use a strong outer container
A corrugated fibreboard box with a good quality kraft outer wrapping is best.
Sub-standard and damaged cartons can cause problems.
Wrap each item in the parcel individually
This takes a little longer, but offers better protection when there’s no movement of contents.
Protect fragile items on their journey
Expanded polystyrene chips; polythene foam; bubble wrap air cushions or crumpled paper around all items is a good cushion against knocks and vibration.
Making sure all void spaces within the carton are filled
Seal the parcel well
Make a ‘H’ seal with 48mm/50mm-wide plastic or reinforced carton tape on both the top and bottom of your package. Ordinary household adhesive tape isn't usually strong enough.
Strap and tape for extra protection
For heavier items you will need a strong outer carton, closed with tape. String around boxes isn't really suitable, but can be used around other wrappings.
Is the carton strong enough?
The table below may help you choose the most suitable carton material. The letters ‘gsm’ are the standard measurement for paper/card thickness. We also recommend an inner cushioning lining of at least 50mm as further protection against damage. A compensation claim for damage of contents will be deemed invalid if the parcel is inadequately packed or if the packaging is not retained for verification.
Weight of contents Grade of carton
Up to 5kg 200gsm
10kg-15kg 150gsm double wall
15kg-25kg 200gsm double wall
25kg-30kg 300gsm double wall
The above is the MINIMUM acceptable level of packaging.
If these guidelines are NOT followed, then no damage claims will be paid out
Old blankets, Black sacks, bin liners, bubblewrap, brown paper, Carrier bags etc are NOT
sufficient packaging material for the outer container.
Bikes are one of the most difficult things to post
The average adult bike will exceed most couriers size limits
The best way to ship them is to remove the front wheel, pedals
and handlebars then strap them to the frame.
Most major carriers will NOT accept unboxed goods.
Furniture like chairs, Dining chairs etc
This is also another type of item that is easily damaged,
chair legs need to be supported within the carton.
The problem is that if you imagine your parcel is at the bottom of a pile of 6 30kg parcels, that's 150kg
pressing down on your parcel, and it will break the legs off, UNLESS they are supported.
At the very least the void spaces need to be tightly packed with polychips, or very strong cardboard.
The ideal solution would be to put wooden splints between each chair leg to support them.
Glass, Ceramics and Porcelain.
Most major couriers will accept these, but they will not be covered for damage.
The reason being they are so delicate, and easily broken.
You can however take some steps to minimise damage
Firstly always use an outer container stronger than you really need
Wrap each item individually in at least 5 sheets of broadsheet type newspaper
Fill the bottom of your carton with at least 5cm of Poly chips or similar
Put each item into the carton, making sure there is at least 3 cm between the item and the carton wall
Make sure there is at least 2cm between each item
Once placed in the box, fill it TIGHT, as TIGHT as you can with poly chips, shredded paper or even crumpled up newspaper
making sure you fill the spaces between the items as well as the spaces between the carton and the items.