Dumper vehicles are used for transporting bulk material, often to construction sites. They are also used to assist in concrete pouring, dumping, debris removal, and landscaping. Dumper vehicles are characterised by their load skip, which is in the front of the cab of the truck. It tips in order to dump the load. Dumper vehicles are usually diesel powered and have payloads of up to 10 tons. They may be turbocharged, allowing for easier tipping and steering.
To steer the vehicle, the driver is required to articulate at the centre of the framework. In order to protect the driver from getting hurt in the event of the dumper vehicle rolling, many have a roll over protection (ROPS) or falling object protection (FOPS) frame. These frames are designed to fit over the seat. When purchasing used dumper vehicles at retailers such as eBay, buyers should consider the various types, familiarise themselves with their dangers, and bear in mind what to look for when purchasing used vehicles.
Types of Dumper Vehicles
There are various types of dumper vehicles. Choosing the right one often depends on what type of work it is used for and on what road surfaces. The types of dumper vehicle and their characteristics are indicated in the table below.
Type of Dumper Vehicle
Truck chassis mounted on a dump body
Body is raised and lowered with a hydraulically-powered ram lift that is mounted between the body and the driving cab
One front wheel axle and one or more axles at the rear
Standard truck with an attached trailer
Trailer can be loaded with dirt, gravel, sand, or other construction materials
Trailer is equipped with another container that is hydraulically, pneumatically, or electrically powered
Allows the main truck to carry additional material while still maintaining effective manoeuvrability
Trailing axle is able to lift up to around 5,900 kilograms
Axle trails on average 4 metres behind the main truck body
Can carry 26 tons of load per trip
Two-axle trailer that is puller by a tractor
Trailer dumps material to its left or right with the use of hydraulic rams
Provides quick offloading of material
Offers more resistance to tipping over than other types of dumper vehicle
Some dumper vehicles have containers with their own power supply that are able to be detached from the truck's mainframe. This allows for more versatility, including simple storage, easy vehicle manoeuvering, and operating in the absence of the container. Dumper trucks with hydraulic pumps allow drivers to dump waste in various directions as opposed to a single place.
Buyers should also consider the type of roads to be travelled. If the dumper vehicle is required to go off a paved path to reach the job site, then they should invest in a vehicle with a larger frame and bigger wheels because it offers better suspension.
Dangers of Dumper Vehicles
When searching for used dumper vehicles, buyers should take into account the associated risks. Although many vehicles have specialised frames to protect the driver in the event of an accident, used dumper vehicles are still highly susceptible to tipping. Buyers must take special precautions and level the truck before unloading. If the vehicle is not parked on horizontal ground, then the weight change that occurs with the lifting of the skip and dumping of material can cause it to slide or overturn.
In addition, buyers should consider the dangers that they present to other drivers on the road. Due to the height of dumper vehicles, the motor section of the other vehicle is likely to go under the truck during an accident, causing severe injuries. Drivers of used dumper vehicles should also take special precautions when manoeuvering the truck, especially when reversing. The height and size of the vehicle can cause blind spots, compromising the safety of those on the ground. In order to minimise safety hazards, buyers should search for a used dumper vehicle that has mirrors and backup alarms. Working with a person acting as a spotter can also limit the possibility of injury.
What to Look for When Buying Used Dumper Vehicles
When purchasing used dumper vehicles, buyers should be wary of any wear and tear. Dumper vehicles are often used in the harshest conditions, which can compromise their framework. So, it is important to look for dumper vehicles that are double framed. This offers greater durability during heavy loading. Buyers should also look at the motor and the horsepower of the vehicle along with the transmission type. All components should be in proper working condition.
Check the Components of Used Dumper Vehicles
The dump bed and hoist should function as intended. All of the dumper vehicle's lights should work properly and the tyres should not have any excessive wear. If the vehicle has air brakes, buyers should ensure that the low pressure warning buzzer works and that the component has no air leaks. It is also important to examine the box, liners, and articulation joints. The box of the dumper vehicle usually has a skin on the inside. This helps sticky materials to slide out. If the skin is torn or has become compromised, then this can create build-up and prevent the material from being dumped properly. If the box requires relining, this should be factored into the total cost of the vehicle.
The suspension can become compromised if the dumper vehicle has been overloaded, causing the frame to suffer. The suspension mounting points on the frame should be in good condition. Checking these components can also offer insight into where the vehicle has been and how much life the machine has left. The suspension of the dumper vehicle tends to depreciate with time.
Check the Fluids and Filters of Used Dumper Vehicles
In addition to visually inspecting the dumper vehicle, buyers should conduct an oil analysis by opening the bonnet, looking at the engine and filters, and checking the fluid levels. All fluids should be at the proper levels. Buyers should also inspect the oil filters or air filters for predetermined installation or removal date stamps.
Confirm the Usage Time of Dumper Vehicles
The number of hours the dumper vehicle has been used can offer an insight into its condition. Buyers should look for dumper vehicles that have less than 10,000 hours of use. After this time, many vehicles start to show signs of wear and tear and their lifespan decreases significantly. In general, the lifespan of dumper vehicles tends to range between 9,000 and 15,000 hours, depending on how well the truck has been cared for.
Buyers should find out if it is possible to test drive the dumper vehicle before purchase. If so, buyers should place the truck on a steep incline going uphill in order to see if the vehicle can move properly.
How to Buy Used Dumper Vehicles on eBay
Used dumper vehicles are available to buy on eBay. Buyers simply need to navigate to the appropriate product by entering related keywords, such as "used dumper vehicles" into the search bar. The search engine lists all of the vehicles available from eBay sellers. Alternatively, buyers who have a more specific idea about the type of used dumper vehicle they require are free to use eBay's advanced search feature. This feature allows buyers to narrow results by price or condition.
Once buyers find the used dumper vehicle that they wish to buy, it is important to check the seller's feedback rating to see how other buyers have rated the service. If a seller is an eBay Top-rated seller, that means that he or she has a good reputation for dealing fairly on eBay and receives positive feedback ratings consistently. Top-rated sellers are recognised by the eBay community for dispatching items in a timely fashion. This can help buyers to feel more comfortable and confident throughout the purchasing process. If buyers have any queries about a dumper vehicle, then they can contact the seller directly by using the "Ask a question" feature, which can be found with every product listing.
Purchasing a used dumper vehicle is a cost-effective alternative to buying a new work vehicle. Buyers should ensure that the dumper vehicle has plenty of useful life left in it. It is also important to examine it for signs of wear and tear that may compromise its ability to function as intended. The framework of the dumper vehicle, as well as its mechanical parts, should be in good condition.
In addition to checking for the quality of used dumper vehicles, buyers need to understand the difference between the types in order to select the right one for their needs. Every dumper vehicle has unique characteristics to aid in the dumping process. Some have trailers that are able to detach from the main frame, while others have hydraulic pumps for easy dumping. With so many used dumper vehicles to choose from, eBay can help buyers to choose the right one for their needs while saving money.