The Complete Guide to Buying and Replacing the Tyres on Your Ford

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The Complete Guide to Buying and Replacing the Tyres on Your Ford

Anyone who plans on replacing the tyres on their vehicle, such as a Ford, should decide which type of tyres to purchase, how to replace them, and where to buy them. Depending on the Ford model, there might be any size or thickness of tyre and load index. Buyers should choose a tyre type that suits the Ford model, the weather conditions, and their driving style.

A Ford may need summer and winter tyres or just all-weather tyres, depending on the weather, safety requirements, and preferences of the driver. Tyres are generally not cheap, but looking on websites such as eBay can help buyers to get a better deal. Despite this, it is usually always best to take the tyres to a professional rather than attempting to place them on rims at home. This is because it is easy to damage both the rim and the tyre, and extremely difficult to balance tyres at home. The following advice includes everything most people need to know when looking for tyres.

What the Code on the Tyres Means

The first thing that anyone should do before replacing the tyres on their Ford is to check the code on the side of existing tyres. This is an easy way to replace tyres as the same code can simply be purchased again. However, it is always a great idea to know what this code means before purchase. For reference, a code should look similar to '205/65R15 94H' and can usually be found on the side wall of the tyre near the brand reference.

Code

Meaning

First Letter ('P')

Type of tyre

First Set of Numbers ('205')

Width of tyre

Second Set of Numbers ('65')

Aspect ratio

Second Letter ('R')

Tyre construction; 'R' or radial is very common

Third Set of Numbers ('15')

Diameter

Fourth Set of Numbers ('94')

Tyre weight capacity indexed at maximum speed capacity

Third letter ('H')

Speed rating

Each of the numerals in the code can be very different depending on the tyre but usually it is a good idea to purchase the same numerals as were found on the original tyre. Anyone who would like to upgrade or change their tyres should get a professional recommendation based on the weight, speed, and class of their Ford. The following information includes a quick overview of each rating factor.

Tyre Speed Rating

The speed rating is usually based on the tyre's ability to hold its shape and not wear away under a certain speed. For this reason it is important to never purchase a tyre with a lower speed rating than the vehicle as it might be dangerous. For the most part, it only really applies to very high performance cars as most speed ratings are 160 km per hour or higher.

Letter

Speed Rating (kilometres per hour)

L

120

M

130

N

140

P

150

Q

160

S

180

T

190

U

200

H

210

V

240

W

270

Y

300

Importantly, most tyres are given a higher speed rating than is actually legal to drive simply because tyres get very hot when the vehicle is driven over longer periods of time. The higher the speed rating, the longer the vehicle can drive at a high speed without tyre damage. So, for example, anyone driving regularly 120 kilometres per hour for long periods of time could choose a higher speed rating in order to get a more durable tyre. There are also much lower mileage or kilometre per hour rated tyres, although most people should not purchase anything that is rated less than 80 to 100 kilometres per hour, or 50 miles per hour, although this is still very low.

Tyre Type

The type of tyre is identified by a single letter, with 'P' or passenger tyre being very common. Buyers can also choose from other types of tyres but it is a good idea to choose the same type as is equipped on the vehicle. Common types of tyres include all weather, summer, winter, truck, and more.

Tyre Size

The size of the tyre is very important to the vehicle as most Fords require a specific tyre size. This is more important with cars than with trucks, although a tyre that is too small on any vehicle might allow the body of the vehicle to scrape the ground while going over hills, and a tyre that is too large might rub against the fender and upper body of the car. Check the size rating, which is measured in both width and diameter. Check the inside of the rims and then find a tyre that matches both the width and diameter specified on the hub.

The load rating is also important as it affects the amount of weight that the vehicle can carry. However, most tyres are built to support weight according to their class. Therefore, if the tyre is suitable for a passenger car, then it is most likely suitable for all Ford passenger cars unless it is a very old model, which might be heavier than modern cars. If purchasing in a store, remember to check the load rating on the tyre; if buying online, check the description.

Tyre Tread Rating

The tread rating or pattern literally means the type of pattern on the tyre but can also be used to indicate the depth and thickness of the tread. Spaced tread is best for everyday driving and offers an even amount of grip and quiet riding while tighter tread offers more grip but is louder, which makes it more appropriate for performance drivers. Tread rating is not referred to in the 'number code' on the side of the tyre but can be found on any description of the tyre. Look for tread that suits local conditions for the best results.

Tyre Profile

The profile of the tyre usually refers directly to tyre height as low profile tyres are smaller and flashier, which means that they look good, but do not absorb road bumps very well. Most Ford owners should look for a medium profile tyre that suits the car and the road. If profile is not a choice, look for aspect ratio, which is the direct correlation of width to height.

Tyre Brand

Some buyers prefer to purchase a specific brand for their Ford but, for the most part, this is a purely personal decision. Buyers can decide on a variety of brands and even use multiple brands on the same vehicle at once as long as the tyres are all the same model and type. However, most buyers tend to feel that matching brand tyres look better than non-matching so it might be better to look for all the same brand. There is a variety of brands including higher end options and unbranded options that are cheaper, but usually offer lower quality. Choosing between them is typically a matter of preference and budget.

Legal Requirements

There are a couple of legal requirements to pay attention to when purchasing tyres, especially if purchasing them online. It is required that the tyre not be too worn out and that the tread have a minimum remaining thickness of 1.6 mm across. It is recommended that tyres be replaced at 3 mm across, so it is important to never purchase tyres that are balding or already thin. Tyres may be of different brands; however, they must match exactly when compared to each other including tread pattern, size, and tread thickness in order to ensure that both sides of the vehicle perform at level.

How to Replace the Tyres on Your Ford

For anyone who is not a mechanic and does not have a tyre balancing machine, replacing their own tyres is not usually a good idea. It is possible to get old tyres off rims with difficulty and some people may be able to do it on their own. The full process starts with jacking up the vehicle and then removing the wheel and tyre from the vehicle for safety reasons. From there, let out as much air as possible and then remove the valve stem from the tyre. Using a small pry bar, carefully pry the tyre away from the rim on each side. This might take a while and does require patience as it is important not to damage the rim. From there, the tyre can simply be pulled from the rim.

Once the tyre has been removed from the rim, it is fairly easy to quickly put the new tyre on by reversing the above process. You can choose to inflate the tyre on your own or to have it done professionally, but it is very important to check the maximum air pressure limit for the tyre before inflating. Remember to keep hands out from between the tyre and rim during inflation due to safety reasons. Finally, some tyres may already be balanced but some might not be. If not, it is necessary to take the Ford to a mechanic and have the professional balance the tyre before taking the vehicle out on the road.

Buying Tyres for Your Ford on eBay

It is very easy to find and purchase tyres for a Ford vehicle using eBay because all you have to do is search for the tyre and then order it right from your home. It is possible to purchase tyres with rims but standard tyres are usually more common. Typically, very important things to keep in mind are that you should know your vehicle requirements and that you should read the eBay listing to ensure that the tyres meet those requirements before purchase.

Used tyres are a great way to save money because they often retail for less than any new tyres. Unfortunately, it is also possible that some might be too thin. Most sellers are aware of regulations concerning tyres but it is still important to check to ensure that the tyres have enough tread before purchase. Usually, it is possible to see enough of the tread in photos to ensure that the tyres are not bald.

Conclusion

Purchasing tyres for a Ford does require thought but most buyers can find the correct tyres by simply using the code found on the side of the tyres and purchasing the same ones again. These numbers and letters correlate to a specific type of tyre with an exact height, width, speed rating, weight class, and tread type so that the tyre is suitable for the same vehicle again. Buyers can choose to purchase new or used tyres, although any used tyres should be no more than 80 per cent worn.

Important considerations include the size, weight capacity, and tread as these factors affect driving the most dramatically. Other important factors include width, speed rating, and aspect ratio. Buyers can choose to purchase their tyres from a car store or from an online store such as eBay, but should always check the requirements of their vehicle as well as the specifications on the tyre before purchase. Then, buyers can choose to install the new tyres on their own or take the car to a mechanic before taking the Ford out on the road again.

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