The Definitive Guide to Buying Farm Implements and Equipment

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The Definitive Guide to Buying Farm Implements and Equipment

Farm equipment is used to make specific jobs around the farm faster and easier. With the use of machinery, fewer people are required to to accomplish a project, making it easier for a farmer to run their business efficiently. The equipment comes in all sizes from large combines to a manual fertiliser.

Anyone searching for farm equipment will find that there is a piece of equipment available for nearly any project. There is also a large variety of available accessories that give them even more capabilities. For example, there are attachments for tractors such as mowers, buckets, and ploughs, creating an all-in-one piece of equipment that is invaluable to a farmer. Since farming is one of the oldest industries in the world, many advances have been made to improve the equipment, making it more durable, reliable, and affordable.

Selecting the right farm equipment is extremely important, because the decision can affect the productivity as well as the profitability of the farm. The equipment needs to be able to handle the workload as well as the specific project. For example, a large combine may not be able to manoeuvre in a small or irregular shaped field. In addition to this, the machinery is meant to reduce the amount of manual labour needed to run the farm. However, if the price of the equipment is too high, it could end up being more expensive than manual labour.

Types of Farm Implements and Equipment

Farm equipment is designed to perform specific tasks. To select the right kind, farmers have to assess their needs as well as the available options. First, make a list of all tasks that have to be done. For example, there may be mowing, planting seeds, harvesting crops, digging, and ploughing.

Type of Farm Implements and Equipment

Description

Chisel Plough

Also called cultivators; capable of tilling over and preparing several rows of planning at one time; they plough up the dirt and turn it over, while creating a rut to place the seeds in; available in three-point hitch and wheel-mounted pull hitch types.

Combine Harvester

A machine that cuts, or harvests, crops after they have matured; capable of performing the three different operations of reaping, threshing, and winnowing all at once; not capable of harvesting all types of crops; limited to crops such as wheat, oats, rye, barley, corn, soybeans, and linseed; once the crops have been gathered, the shoots can be gathered for hay or left to fertilize the soil for the next crop.

Hay Baler

Pulled behind the tractor; picks up the freshly cut hay off of the field and forms it into a bale by compressing the grass into a cube, then binding it together with twine; bales are typically 1.3 metres by 1.3 metres; each bale feeds around 25 cows a day.

Row Planter

Used after the field has been ploughed and is ready for the new seeds; can seed from two to 48 rows at a time depending on its size; can be adjusted to accommodate rows that are different spaces apart

Seed Drill

Smaller than row planters and pulled behind a tractor, depending on the type, they can cut rows into the soil and plant the seeds at the same time, or just plant the seeds; most often used for crops that do not need rows and the seeds can just be scattered; come in several sizes.

Sprayer

Used for spraying crops down with fertilizer or chemicals that prevent bugs and diseases; motorised sprayers are lifted high off the ground and have narrow tires so that they do not run over the crops as easily; there are also sprayers that can be pulled behind a tractor.

Tractor

Without a doubt the most versatile piece of farm equipment; compatible with a multitude of attachments that can be purchased to accomplish projects; particularly suited to smaller farms since a tractor is much more affordable than buying several types of equipment.

Rather than buying a piece of machinery for each of the jobs, try to find equipment that can do as many of them as possible. As mentioned before, a tractor with available attachments can do several things. It is much cheaper to buy an additional attachment than another machine.

Some of the equipment comes with specific attachments already installed. Combines in particular can come with different types of heads. They are removable and designed to cut certain kinds of crops on different terrains. For example, a standard head works on level ground, while the hillside and sidehill combine heads can harvest crops on sloped terrain. The slope grade that the head can handle will be between 0 and 45 percent.

Farm Implements and Equipment Specifications

It is also important to make sure that the equipment is perfect for the size of the task. It may not be necessary to purchase the largest plough if the field is small, and if the field is large, a small plough will take too long to complete the task.

The equipment will all also have various speed and power capabilities. Research each brand and model to determine whether or not the equipment is fast enough and powerful enough. For example, smaller tractors are limited in how much weight they can haul, and it may take forever to harvest a large field if it is too slow.

Farm Implements and Equipment Features

In addition to what the equipment can do, it is also important to find the machinery with the right features. Some things to consider are comfort, entertainment, safety, and navigation. For those that use the equipment for long hours, comfort will make a big difference. Lower-end tractors tend to have uncomfortable seats with no protection from the weather. Even the location of the controls effects how long the farmer can use the equipment before wearing out. When looking at equipment, be sure to sit in it and test where all of the controls are.

Entertainment may not seem like a big deal, however long hours out in the field can be tedious. Some of the more expensive machinery will come with a radio and hookups for mp3 players. Safety is also important as some of the equipment can be very dangerous. The blades should have shields and guards so that they don't accidently cut someone. Shading or an enclosed cab is also important to protect the farmer from the environment.

Something that has recently been made available is electronic navigation. Farmers can enter in their field dimensions into the GPS system and the machine will then drive around the field automatically without the farmer having to steer.

Finding Farm Implements and Equipment on eBay

Shopping for larger farm equipment is difficult. Because they are so expensive, there are not a lot of places to find them. In addition to this, some people may need to locate used equipment in order to stay within their budget. Some ways to find used machinery is to ask around to find out if anyone has mentioned selling their equipment, or go to the farm supply depot to see if someone posted for sale fliers on the community board. However, this could take months and only one or two may even be found. This does not give the shopper much variety to choose from.

However, eBay is a website where private and commercial sellers from around the world can list their products for sale. This means that people can find a much larger selection without even leaving the house. Naturally, most people will not ship large equipment. However, shoppers can sort the listings by their location to find sellers close to them. To do this, type the name of the product you are looking for. You can enter something such as "combine" or "tractor", and then sort by distance by entering your postcode and the number of miles you are prepared to travel.

Conclusion

Ever since the beginning of the agricultural industry, people have been inventing machines that decrease their manual labour, save time, and cut costs. The industrial revolution brought with it the biggest improvements to farm equipment. Farmers went from harvesting their crops with blades to using machines on wheels that could cut a path on its own. Threshing equipment significantly cut down hours by removing seeds from their stalks mechanically instead of by hand. The discovery of steam powered engines made a huge difference in these new inventions by making it possible to have a small, portable engine that ran the equipment. Before this, tools were pulled by horses or pushed by farmers.

Today, there are machines and equipment that can complete nearly any task without much guidance from the farmer. Selecting the right one takes time and research. Farm equipment is not cheap so it needs to be picked out carefully. The most effective way to do this is to first research the brand and model to purchase. Once this has been determined, begin bargain shopping to find the best deals.

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