A cornet is a brass instrument distinctly mellower than a trumpet and slightly breezier than a flugelhorn. The instrument offers their players tremendous sound satisfaction, but perhaps even more to the listeners who soak up the rich and soulful melodies. If you are considering buying a cornet, you must be sure to take into account the necessary considerations before purchasing.
Two distinct instrument styles confront the would-be cornet buyer. A BB cornet is the most typically and broadly used. It displays the full tonal range of a trumpet but retains the cornet's distinctively warm character. Its range of soprano to bass notes makes it popular in orchestras and marching bands. It is also the easiest to learn. An EB cornet plays at a higher pitch with sharper tones, making its sound closer to that of a trumpet. Lacking the flexibility of the former, they are less popular with general players but targeted more toward those with specific musical interests, such as those who play a particular orchestral part. The EB cornet is also more difficult to learn.
A Cornet's Physicality
Two distinct shapes define a cornet's appearance. One is the shepherd's cornet, which has a broadly curved section under the bell, and the other is a trumpet-style cornet, which features narrower tubing under the bell. On all cornets, the brass mouthpiece section extends right through the entire instrument. Owing to the differences between cornets, here are some essential considerations:
1. Consider the Parts of the Cornet
As the mouthpiece comprises most of the instrument, it entails different parts that give it its sound characteristics. These include the backbore, throat, rim and cup. Differences in component size and dimension largely determine the pitch. For example, a shepherd's cornet, with its fuller region below the bell, produces deeper and richer sounds than the trumpet-style cornet, which gives somewhat sharper tones.
2. Cornet Materials
Yellow brass is an affordable option although it is more prone to corrosion. It tends to produce brighter tones. A gold brass offers warmer and deeper sound characteristics and is less prone to corrosion. Rose brass cornets give very warm tones because of the metal's softness. They are almost corrosion-resistant. Nickel silver cornets have an impressive appearance, are very durable, and require high maintenance. They offer superbly bright and warm tones, but are expensive.
3. Cornet Finish
A lacquer finish is a common and practical choice for many brass instruments. This affordable option preserves the instrument in good condition with minimal maintenance. It is particularly suitable for cornets made with high levels of copper, as it accentuates the darker tones. A silver plate finish is the expensive option and is best reserved for cornets made from nickel silver. It delivers a striking appearance and is often the choice of professional players who regularly perform in public.