Understanding your Skin

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The skin

The Glands

The glands contain two types of duct glands that extraact materials from blood, to form different substances.

  • The sweat glands, excrete sweat
  • The sebaceous glands or oil glands secrete sebum.

Sweat glands are divided into two types.

  1. The ECCRINE or true sweat glands secrete water and water substance, and are found in abundance all over the body, apart from the lips. Their main function is to regulate the body temperature.   They are connected with hair follicles and are mainly found under arms, breasts, and genital areas of the body.
  2. Cellular waste, fatty substances, water and salt are secreted, and body oduour is more connected with these glands, which are thought to play a part in sexual attraction.  Normally one of two pints of liquid containing salts are eliminated daily throughout the sweat pores

Sebaceous glands consist of little sacs, whose ducts open into the hair follicle. They secrete sebum, which lubricate the skin, preserves the softness of hair, and protects the skin from bacteria, except for the areas on the palms of hands and soles of the feet.

SEBUM  is a semi-fluid, oily substance, produced by the oil glands. Usually it flows throughthe oil ducts leading to the mouth of the hair follicles.  When sebum becomes hardened and the duct becomes blocked, a blackhead is formed.  Cleanliness is of prime importance in keeping the skin free of blemishes. Decomposed sebum and perspiration in the prosence of bacteria produce Body Odour. Sweat itself does not smell.


The normal skin is never sterile.  It's surface being contaminated by a wealth of bacteria. Most of these are non-pathogenic, (Pathogenic bacteria is capable of causing disease) and cause neither harm nor inflammatory reaction.  The skin accepts many organisms as part of its natural resident bacteria.

The Acid Mantel

The Acid Mantel is a fluid bathing the outer surface of the skin, it is acid in reaction and acts as a defence against infection.  p.H. of the fluid is part of the buffer protection of the skin.  We can damage this protection by using too strong products and altering the oil, fluid and pH levels of the  skin.

p.H. Balance

is a form of measurement to determine the level of Acidity vs Alkalinity.  When skin register between 5.4 and 6 it is mildly an acid mantle.  Alkalines such as soap measure 9 to 11, causing irritation on dry and rough skin.

Look in my shop Top It All on the Oriflame page (or you can just search for Oriflame) for products to cleanse and tone the skin to keep you looking more youthful for longer. See other guides for skin types.

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