BY R.B. FREEMAN
PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR
[CONTAINING FACSIMILE REPRODUCTION OF:]
FAMILY OF DARWIN
H. FARNHAM BURKE, Esq., F.S.A.,
[NO INDICATION OF PLACE OR PRINTER]
BOOK DESCRIPTION: Original green cloth boards. Large (4to) thin volume - 285mm x 220mm (11" x 9"), 84pp, original photograph of Darwin and 8 plates of coats of arms/bookplates. 1st Edition. [Freeman: A303]
CONDITION: FINE. An excellent copy. Binding secure. No inks. Clean throughut. A very presentable copy.
Sir Henry Farnham Burke, (1859 – 1930) was a long serving Irish officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. He was a son of Sir Bernard Burke (who was Ulster King of Arms from 1853 until his death in 1892) and grandson of John Burke (1787 - 1848) the original compiler of the Peerage and Baronetage, the compilation of which Bernard took over. Henry Burke was appointed Rouge Croix Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary in 1880. In 1887, Burke was promoted to the office of Somerset Herald of Arms in Ordinary. On 26 October 1911, Burke was promoted to Norroy King of Arms to replace Sir William Henry Weldon. In 1913 he was given the additional appointment of Genealogist of the Order of the Bath. On 22 January 1919, he was promoted to the office of Garter Principal King of Arms on the death of Sir Alfred Scott-Gatty. He held this office until his own death in 1930.
Burke's book, was the only full pedigree of Charles Darwin's family has never been reprinted and comes up for sale very rarely. This facsimile edition was printed by R.B. Freeman in 1984 and brings together all the known Darwin family Pedigrees.
Richard Broke Freeman (1915 – 1986) was a zoologist, historian of zoology, bibliographer of natural history and book collector. Known professionally as R. B. Freeman, he compiled comprehensive reference works on Charles Darwin and on P. H. Gosse. He was “a meticulous scholar” and a “brilliant bibliographer” who showed “a genuine modesty about his great erudition.”
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I, Name Variants
|Appendix II, Darwins and the
||Ancestors of Erasmus Darwin
||Ancestors of Mary Howard
||Ancestors of Elizabeth Collier
||Children of Erasmus Darwin
||Ancestors of Susannah Wedgwood
||Darwin, Wedgwood and Galton
||Sibs of Susannah Wedgwood
||Sibs of Elizabeth Allen
||Sibs of Charles Robert Darwin
||Ancestors of Emma Wedgwood
||Sibs of Emma Wedgwood
||Children of John Wedgwood
||Children of Charles and Emma
||Children and Grandchildren of
Emma Darwin's brothers
||Children of George Howard Darwin
||Children of Francis Darwin
||Children of Horace Darwin
||Darwins and the Royal Society
The first and principal part of this book is a facsimile of H.
Farnham Burke's Pedigree of the family of Darwin, a
appeared in 1888, without indication of place or printer, in an edition
of sixty copies only.
compiler, Henry Farnham Burke (1859-1930) had been appointed Somerset
Herald in 1887. He became a most distinguished genealogist and was
appointed Garter King of Arms and a Knight Commander of the Victorian
Order in 1919. This Darwin Pedigree was his second
and he was later to produce many more works in the same field. His
grandfather, John Burke (1787-1848), was the original compiler of the Peerage
and Baronetage in 1826 and the Landed Gentry, 1833-1838.
Henry's father, Sir John Bernard Burke (1814-1892), was Ulster King of
Arms and took over the editorship of these works.
has not been reprinted since and is hard to find. There is a copy in
the British Library and another in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, but
the Cambridge University Library, the greatest repository of Darwin
literature in the world, only holds it in photocopy. In America, the
Library of Congress National Union Catalogue records only
copy, their own. No detailed search of other British libraries has been
made, but no copy has ever appeared in Book Auction Records and
I have never seen a copy offered for sale by a bookseller. The copy
used for this facsimile is in the Sir Francis Galton archive in the
Library of University College London. I am grateful to the Librarian,
Mr F. J. Friend, for permission to use it.
is the only full one that has ever appeared in print. George Howard
Darwin, Charles Darwin's second son, was interested in genealogy from
his youth and in the eighteen seventies he helped Colonel Joseph Lemuel
Chester (1821-1882), an American living in London, to collect
information on the family, but it was never printed. Some of his notes
are preserved in the Galton archive mentioned above. George's brother
Francis, Charles' third son, gives a brief and highly selective
pedigree from 1682 to 1882 in his Life and letters of his
father (1887, Vol. I, p. 5). He mentions only those Darwins who are
referred to by his father in the Autobiography.
work is unsatisfactory in that it considers only people, men and women,
who were born Darwins and anyone who married a Darwin is given only the
briefest pedigree. It has often been said, and is indeed true, that
Charles Darwin, and to a greater extent his children, carried more
genetic material of Wedgwood origin than of Darwin; yet his mother
Susannah is described merely as 'Dau. of Josiah Wedgwood...the
celebrated Potter'. For Charles' wife Emma, Burke gives no indication
at all that she was Josiah's grand-daughter. The work is unsatisfactory
for another reason, not of Burke's making; it is ninety-five years out
The second part of this book, called a 'Commentary',
is therefore devoted to rectifying these faults, although only a
limited part of the family is considered. Some attempt has been made to
place the Darwins and their collaterals in their social and geographic
background over the past four hundred years. The name Darwin, to most
people, means only Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882), author of On
the origin of species (1859).
Historians who are interested in the origins of evolutionary ideas as
well as those interested in the roots of the industrial revolution, and
perhaps a few who read didactic poetry, will consider his grandfather,
Dr Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802), of importance. Three of Charles' sons,
Sir George (1845-1913), Sir Francis (1848-1925) and Sir Horace
(1851-1928), as well as some of the grandchildren, will be remembered
by many now living. The additions affect only a limited part of Burke's
work, the antecedents of Dr Erasmus Darwin's wives and those of his
children and grandchildren. There are members of two, and in some cases
three, generations beyond the grand-children who are now living. These
have been ignored except for statements such as '3s2d'. Pedigrees for
these antecedents and descendents have been made up from various
sources, especially Karl Pearson's Life of Francis Galton (1914,
1930), Gwen Raverat's Period piece (1952) and my own Darwin
companion (1978). The complexity of Wedgwood relationships have
been cleared by Wedgwood and Wedgwood's excellent book (1980).
This commentary is followed by two brief appendices, the first
listing names by which the same people are known in different
circumstances, everything from baby talk to bishops, and the second
tracing the details of membership of the Royal Society by Darwins and
The last part of the book consists of the
index, an adjunct which is absent from Burke's original. This is
intended to be rather more than a simple guide to the names of people
who occur in the various pedigrees and in the commentary. Dates of
birth and death are given in those cases where they are known, as are
titles of honour and a prefatory 'Rev.' for Church of England priests.
The Order of Merit, Fellowship of the Royal Society, the Royal Academy
and the British Academy are given, with dates of election. Ranks in the
armed forces of the Crown have been omitted. Married women are fully
entered under their married names, but with cross reference under their
maiden names. The object of this index is to provide a quick source of
reference to Darwins and their relatives, a source which up till now
has not been fully available. A few people who are not of Darwin stock,
but who occur in the commentary, are also included. The names of those
who appear only in the appendices are not included. A number of names
of people whose birth is given, but are not known to have died is
given; these are largely from the second half of the nineteenth century
and are largely of women. This is because the obvious sources, such as
the Dictionary of national biography, Who was who, and the
registers of Oxford and Cambridge have been searched, but public
records and probate registers have not.
compilation needs the help of many specialists and I have received it
most freely from the Library staff here. Above all, I must thank John
Spiers who seems as happy checking early references as he is at
understanding modern information techniques; Susan Grove has helped
with the medical practitioners, Barbara Wells with the law and Gillian
Furlong with archive sources. Anne Oxenham, map librarian to the
Department of Geography, has checked places and O.S. map references.
Peter J. Gautrey has, as so often in the past, helped me from his store
of Darwin knowledge and the Cambridge archives. Francis William Darwin,
of King's College London, one of the fourteenth generation of the name,
has given me names and dates which have not yet reached the printed
records. Finally, my wife, Dr Mary Whitear, has straightened my
tortuous prose and read everything except the index. To these and to
many others I extend my thanks.
University College London
On 11-Jun-14 at 16:40:39 BST, seller added the following information: