Gautama Buddha was the sage on whose wisdom Buddhism was founded. The name 'Buddha' means 'the enlightened one', and while India and Asia are the areas where Buddhism is mainly concentrated, those following both the Theravada and the Mahayana branches of the religion can be found all over the world.
Statues of Buddha can be found all over the world, and in a variety of poses. There are over 100 different poses that chronicle the life of Buddha, each of which has a different meaning. The poses differ in terms of both the Mudra (hand position) and the Asana (posture) of the Buddha. Differently posed Buddhas can signify protection, enlightenment, healing and more, with different Buddhist countries having their own poses. Thailand, for example, has a different pose for every day of the week, and your own pose will be determined by the day on which you were born.
There is a great deal of variety available when it comes to buying Buddha statues or ornaments. Not only will the poses that you encounter mean different things, but the Buddhas themselves will look very different depending on the countries from which they originate. Some will depict a fat Buddha while others will display him as a thin man: while the skinny version depicts Gautama Buddha himself, the fat, laughing version comes from 10th century Chinese folklore, and is said to represent the future Buddha.
Buddha statues and ornaments are available in a variety of materials, including wood, various metals, and precious stones such as jade. Stone Buddhas can also be purchased for outdoor use.